Malawi Blog 15 januari 2016

Friday 15-01-2016

7.30-10.00

We started the day with another antiobiotic: Oxytetracyclin. We told them that this a very strong drug and easy to use in warmer climates and that it works against almost all all infections, but that they have to be careful in use because it will cause resistance more easy than Procilline. We did the calculations with a pig with unknown fever and a couching cow which were already treated with Procilline but that did not work. We told them that if you use Procilline and there is no improvement after three days you  have to decide if you want to inject Procilline again or switch to Oxytetracycline. We told them that there is not really one way of doing it good or wrong. But if the animal is badly decreasing, it might be better to switch to Oxytetracycline.

College about milking. Before the college we asked the participants if they milk their animals. Only Masida and Chiukepo did. We asked the others why they do not. They told us that milking goats is a bit upcoming because the milk tastes good. The problem is that they do not really have dairy cow’s here.

10.15-12.00

Case about New Castle Disease. The case started with a problem of laying less eggs. After the questions the participants came to know that it was not only one chicken but all of them who were sick. The participants learned that the owner does not always know exactly the problem of the animals. We discussed the diseases which it could be:

  • New Castle Disease
  • Coryza
  • Worms
  • Coccidiose

We divided the group in 4 small groups and each group made a presentation about one of these diseases.

  • Martha had seen Coryza. She has asked Helpless what kind of treatment she had to give. We were very happy to hear this, because this is exactly how we want it!
  • New Castle Disease was seen by Mleza: one had diarrhea and quick after the chickens suddenly died.
  • Denis and Steven have arranged already a lot of vaccinations! Steven told us in detail how he managed this. He gets the vaccines, but because it stays only good for 2 hours, he already informed the farmers before so that they are all ready. He quickly finished the vaccinations in 2 hours. He repeated every 3 months and even make profit out of it. We were also very happy to hear this, because it will prevent a lot of chickens of getting sick.

13.30-18.00

Excursion to two villages:

  • First visit: the meaning of the practical was to let the participants milk a cow. This was unfortunately not possible because the participants could not touch the cows. We changed the plan and let the participants only do the advice. Steven talked with the owner because he was in his district. There was also a cow that lost weight, so a very nice chance for our participants to practice with a real patient. The cow also had a rough skin and a very slow turgor. This was a very good lesson for the participants because they all could see how the turgor looks like when an animal is dehydrated. With a bit of our help the participants made a plan to:
    • Wean the calf
    • Give more water and more food
    • Build a khola
    • Give Ivermectin against the worms to all animals

  • The next visit was to a goat which was loosing weight, always after giving birth. Eliya took the leading in the case which was very nice to see. He helped the participants with the questions and wrote everything down. We saw that the goat was not only loosing weight but was also limping. We made the following plan:
    • Wean the calf
    • Wait with breeding again with this goat, let it recover first
    • Deworming with ivermectine (Rosemary gave the injection)
    • An additional option was to give a painkiller (corticosteroids) to kill the pain of the limping leg.

We told the owner that one injection is 300 MK. The owner had only 500 MK so asked if he could get both injections for that price. We decided not to do that because we don’t want the participants to start already with lower prices.